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考研英语(二)真题解析精读|英语词汇阅读-每一日练-Day21

2022-07-16 来源:众凯考研英语二

考研英语(二)真题解析精读|英语词汇阅读-每一日练-Day1

考研人数逐年增加,竞争之激烈使得我们不得不加急复习的日程。众所周知,阅读理解占据了考研英语二100分试卷的一半分值,而考研英语阅读文章大多来自英美国家的主流报刊杂志,所以如果能在日常就多多阅读这些文章,对以后读懂文章做对题目来说会大有裨益。

学习步骤如下:

1.不看汉语译文自己看一遍短文做理解

2.看汉语译文比对自己理解的意思与之出入

3.强化记忆重点单词(以记忆其汉语意思为主)


文段一

But the researchers believe that outside directors have an easier time of avoiding a blow to their reputations if they leave a firm before bad news break, even if a review of history shows they were on the board at the time any wrongdoing occurred. Firms who want to keep their outside directors through tough times may have to create incentives. Otherwise outside directors will follow the example of Ms. Simmons, once again very popular on campus.

短文翻译

但是研究人员相信,如果外部董事在坏消息传出前就离开公司,他们会更轻易地避免声誉受损。即使回顾历史,我们也能发现公司出现不规范行为时,外部董事都在其位。想要在困难时期留住外部董事的公司可能不得不采取一些激励政策。否则外部董事会效法 Simmons 女士,回到校园,又会成为受欢迎的人。

重点单词

reputation [ˌrepjuˈteɪʃn]

n.名誉; 名声;

review [rɪˈvjuː]

n. 回顾;

tough [tʌf]

adj.艰苦的; 艰难的; 棘手的;

incentive [ɪnˈsentɪv]

n.激励; 刺激; 鼓励;

otherwise [ˈʌðəwaɪz]

adv.否则; 不然;

文段 II

It is curious that Stephen Koziatek feels almost as though he has to justify his efforts to give his students a better future.

Mr. Koziatek is part of something pioneering. He is a teacher at a New Hampshire high school where learning is not something of books and tests and mechanical memorization, but practical. When did it become accepted wisdom that students should be able to name the 13th president of the United States but be utterly overwhelmed by a broken bike chain?

短文翻译

不同寻常的是,斯蒂芬·科佐泰克觉得他必须证明自己的努力是为了给学生一个更美好的未来。

在某种意义上,科佐泰克先生是一名开拓者。他是新罕布什尔州高中的老师,在这个学校,学习不是书本、考试和机械的记忆,而是实践。学生们应该能够说出美国第十三任总统的名字,但在面对一条断了的自行车链时却完全不知所措,这什么时候成为了公认的智慧呢?

重点单词

curious[ˈkjʊəriəs]

adj.求知欲强的; 好奇的;

justify[ˈdʒʌstɪfaɪ]

v.证明…正确(或正当、有理);

pioneer [ˌpaɪəˈnɪə(r)]

n.先锋; 先驱; 带头人; 开发者; 拓荒者;

v.当开拓者; 做先锋; 倡导;

practical [ˈpræktɪkl]

adj.实际的; 真实的; 客观存在的;

utterly [ˈʌtəli]

adv.全然; 完全地; 彻底地;

overwhelmed [ˌəʊvəˈwelmd]

adj.应接不暇的,难以承受的

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