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考研英语(二)真题解析精读|英语词汇阅读-每一日练-Day19

2022-07-12 来源:众凯考研英语二

考研英语(二)真题解析精读|英语词汇阅读-每一日练-Day1

考研人数逐年增加,竞争之激烈使得我们不得不加急复习的日程。众所周知,阅读理解占据了考研英语二100分试卷的一半分值,而考研英语阅读文章大多来自英美国家的主流报刊杂志,所以如果能在日常就多多阅读这些文章,对以后读懂文章做对题目来说会大有裨益。

学习步骤如下:

1.不看汉语译文自己看一遍短文做理解

2.看汉语译文比对自己理解的意思与之出入

3.强化记忆重点单词(以记忆其汉语意思为主)


文段一

Ruth Simmons joined Goldman Sachs's board as an outside director in January 2000; a year later she became president of Brown University. For the rest of the decade she apparently managed both roles without attracting much criticism. But by the end of 2009 Ms. Simmons was under fire for having sat on Goldman's compensation committee; how could she have let those enormous bonus payouts pass unremarked? By February the next year Ms. Simmons had left the board. The position was just taking up too much time, she said.

短文翻译

 Ruth Simmons 于 2000 年 1 月加入 Goldman Sachs 公司董事会,成为一名外部董事。一年后,她成为布朗大学的校长。在随后的几年,她很明显扮演两个角色,但并未受到多少批评。但是到了 2009 年底,Simmons女士却由于担任 Goldman 公司薪酬委员会委员而受到人们强烈抨击;她怎能在无人注意的情况下轻易发放如此巨额的奖金呢?到了第二年 2 月,Simmons 女士便离开了 Goldman 公司董事会。她说,该职位占用了她自己太多的时间。

重点单词

director [dəˈrektə(r)]

n.董事会成员

criticism [ˈkrɪtɪsɪzəm]

n.批评; 批判; 责备; 指责;

compensation [ˌkɒmpenˈseɪʃn]

n.补偿(或赔偿)物;(尤指) 赔偿金,补偿

enormous [ɪˈnɔːməs]

adj.巨大的; 庞大的; 极大的

unremarked [ˌʌnrɪˈmɑːkt]

adj.未被注意的

文段 II

Outside directors are supposed to serve as helpful, yet less biased, advisers on a firm's board. Having made their wealth and their reputations elsewhere, they presumably have enough independence to disagree with the chief executive's proposals. If the sky, and the share price, is falling, outside directors should be able to give advice based on having weathered their own crises.

短文翻译

外部董事在公司董事会中应该扮演有益而又相对公正的顾问角色。由于他们在其他地方已经获得了财富,并且赢得了声誉,因此他们有足够的独立性来反对首席执行官的提议。如果公司经营不佳,股价下跌,外部董事还应根据自己克服危机的经验给出建议。

重点单词

be supposed to

应该做某事

biased [ˈbaɪəst]

adj.有偏见的; 倾向性的;

reputation [ˌrepjuˈteɪʃn]

n.名誉; 名声;

presumably [prɪˈzjuːməbli]

adv.很可能; 大概; 想必是

independence [ˌɪndɪˈpendəns]

n.独立; 独立(之日); 自主; 自立

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