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2022年考研英语二|外刊英语阅读-美国报纸行业的萧条Pt.4

2022-10-23 众凯考研英语二

2022年考研英语二|外刊英语阅读

考研人数逐年增加,竞争之激烈使得我们不得不加急复习的日程。众所周知,阅读理解占据了考研英语二100分试卷的一半分值,而考研英语阅读文章大多来自英美国家的主流报刊杂志,所以如果能在日常就多多阅读这些文章,对以后读懂文章做对题目来说会大有裨益。

学习步骤如下:

1.不看汉语译文自己看一遍短文做理解

2.看汉语译文比对自己理解的意思与之出入

3.强化记忆重点单词(以记忆其汉语意思为主)


The whirlwind that swept through newsrooms harmed everybody, but much of the damage has been concentrated in areas where newspapers are least distinctive. Car and film reviewers have gone. So have science and general business reporters. Foreign bureaus have been savagely cut off. Newspapers are less complete as a result. But completeness is no longer a virtue in the newspaper business.

短文翻译

这场裁员风暴席卷了报社编辑部的每一位工作人员,但受害最为严重的是报社中最缺乏特色的部门。汽车和电影评论员无奈离去,科学和普通商业新闻记者也未能逃脱。驻外办事处被无情地撤掉,结果报纸涉及的内容也因此变得没有那么完整了。不过对如今的报业来说,报纸的完整性不再被视为优点。

核心单词一览

2022年考研英语二|外刊英语阅读-美国报纸行业的萧条Pt.4

真题练习

*一定要做题哦

29. What can be inferred from the last paragraph about the current newspaper business?

[A] Distinctiveness is an essential feature of newspapers.

[B] Completeness is to blame for the failure of newspapers.

[C] Foreign bureaus play a crucial role in the newspaper business.

[D] Readers have lost their interest in car and film reviews.

30. The most appropriate title for this text would be_____.

[A] American Newspapers: Struggling for Survival

[B] American Newspapers: Gone with the Wind

[C] American Newspapers: A Thriving Business

[D] American Newspapers: A Hopeless Story

题目解析

29.【解析】根据题干定位到最后一段。根据第一句话中“but much of the damage has been concentrated in areas where newspapers are least distinctive”可知,“最受重创的是不具特点的报纸”,所以与众不同对报纸来说是至关重要的,故A项正确。文章倒数第二句提出“Newspapers are less complete as a result.”,由此可知,报纸完整性的丧失是报业危机带来的结果,而非报业危机的原因,故B项不对;根据倒数第二句“Foreign bureaus have been savagely cut off”可知,当前的报纸行业中,驻外机构已被裁减,C项逻辑与此相反,因此C项可以排除;本段中第二句“Car and film reviewers have gone.”提到汽车和电影评论家离开,但并未提及读者们对这两个栏目的反应,因此D项不对。

30.【解析】首段提出“人们曾经对报纸消亡的担忧”;第二段讲“美国报业的复苏”;第三段讲“报业采取的措施”;第四段讲“报业收入日趋平衡”;第五段讲“报业的变化并非坏事”,所以本文主要探讨的是在经历了危机之后,报业的复苏和平衡,因此答案A是正确的,符合文章整体情感方向。根据文章首段尾句“But the discussions now seem out of date.”可知,首段前面提到的关于报业身处绝境岌岌可危等的讨论都是不合时宜的了,因此本文的主题是积极的,而非“报业的消亡”,故 B、D 可以排除;根据第三段首句“It has not been much fun”可知,C项过于乐观,言过其实,也不正确。

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