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2022年考研英语二|外刊英语阅读-职场再培训的改革Pt.2

2022-08-22 来源:众凯考研英语二

2022年考研英语二|外刊英语阅读

考研人数逐年增加,竞争之激烈使得我们不得不加急复习的日程。众所周知,阅读理解占据了考研英语二100分试卷的一半分值,而考研英语阅读文章大多来自英美国家的主流报刊杂志,所以如果能在日常就多多阅读这些文章,对以后读懂文章做对题目来说会大有裨益。

学习步骤如下:

1.不看汉语译文自己看一遍短文做理解

2.看汉语译文比对自己理解的意思与之出入

3.强化记忆重点单词(以记忆其汉语意思为主)


The question of who should pay for reskilling is a thorny one.For individual companies(个体公司), the temptation is always to let go of workers whose skills are no longer(不再) in demand and replace them with those whose skills are. That does not always happen. AT&T is often given as the gold standard of a company that decided to do a massive reskilling program rather than(而不是) go with a fire-and-hire strategy. Other companies had also pledged to create their own plans. When the skills mismatch is in the broader economy, though, the focus usually turns to(求助于) government to handle. Efforts in Canada and elsewhere have been arguably languid at best(最多), and have given us a situation where we frequently hear of employers begging for workers,even at times and in regions where unemployment is high.

短文翻译

谁应该为再培训买单是一个棘手的问题。个体公司总想开掉那些技能过时的员工,而用能满足公司技能需求的员工代替他们。这种情况并不会总发生。美国电话电报公司(AT&T)通常被认为是公司的黄金标准,该公司决定执行大规模的再培训计划,而不是采用“解雇再招聘”的策略。其他公司也承诺制订自己的计划但是,当技能不匹配发生在更广泛的经济领域时,焦点通常会转向政府,由政府来解决。加拿大和其他地方所做的努力可以说是乏善可陈,这使我们处于一种局面:我们经常听到雇主急需工人,即使在失业率很高的地区和时期也是如此。

核心词汇一览

2022年考研英语二|外刊英语阅读-职场再培训的改革Pt.2

2022年考研英语二|外刊英语阅读-职场再培训的改革Pt.2


重点语句分析

For individual companies(个体公司), the temptation is always to let go of workers (①whose skills are no longer(不再) in demand) and replace them with those (②whose skills are. )

括号内是定语从句修饰其前面的名词/代词:workers & those

①表示“技能不再被需要的员工(workers)”

②表示“技能(被需要的in demand)的员工(those workers省略)"

真题练习

22. AT&T is cited to show____________.

A. the characteristics of reskilling programs

B. the importance of staff appraisal standards

C. an immediate need for government support

D. an alternative to the fire and-hire strategy

23. Efforts to resolve the skills mismatch in Canada____________.

A. have driven up labour costs

B. have proved to be inconsistent

C. have appeared to be insufficient

D. have met with fierce opposition

题目解析

22.【解析】例证题。根据题干关键词“AT&T”定位至文章第二段第四句,根据例证题的做题方法我们需要结合定位句的上文,上文中提到个人公司的策略是解雇那些自身技能已经不合时宜的工人并雇佣那些具有新技能的工人,但是也有特殊情况,然后引用了“AT&T”的例子,说到“AT&T is often given as the gold standard of a company that decided to do a massive reskilling program rather than go with a fire-and-hire strategy.”(通常,AT&T被认为是决定进行大规模的再培训计划的公司的黄金标准,而不是采用“解雇与雇佣”策略),所以AT&T是【D】an alternative to the fire-and-hire strategy(“解雇与雇佣”策略的替代方案)。

【A】 the characteristics of reskilling programs(再培训计划的特征)和【B】the importance of staff appraisal standards(员工考核标准的重要性)属于无中生有,【C】an immediate need for government support(对政府支持的迫切需要)脱离定位而且不符合题意。

23.【解析】细节题。由“Efforts”,“Canada”等信息可定位至文章第二段“Efforts in Canada and elsewhere have been arguably languid at best, and have given us a situation where we frequently hear of employers begging for workers”(加拿大和其他地方的一些努力一直是倦怠的,导致我们经常听说雇佣者努力寻求工人的情况),由此可以得知Efforts(加拿大政府的努力)【C】 have appeared to be insufficient(还不够)。


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